Chula Vista PD Use Drone to Capture Shooting Suspect, Providing Model Use Case of Its Drone as First Responder Program
BY Zacc Dukowitz14 January 2021
In Chula Vista recently a good Samaritan was shot while following a car that had just been involved in a hit-and-run.
He had witnessed the hit-and-run, and he was chasing the car to try and record its license plate number so that he could report it to the police.
But when he got close enough to read the plate a teenager in the passenger seat leaned out and shot at him, hitting him in the head (he is in stable condition). Several witnesses to the shooting quickly called it in, including the man who was shot.
Chula Vista officers in the area listened to the incoming 911 calls via livestreaming—this is made possible thanks to the city’s groundbreaking Live911 program—and quickly began making their way to the scene.
At the same time, officers in the police station immediately deployed a drone to the location of the shooting—this is made possible thanks to the city’s Drone as First Responder program—so that they could get visuals on the unfolding situation before the officers could arrive.
Officers monitor live video feed from a drone
Using the drone, officers at the station were able to fly to the scene and quickly identify the teenager suspected of shooting the man. They watched as he exited the hit-and-run vehicle holding a handgun and fled.
The drone helped police keep tabs on the shooting suspect until law enforcement was able to arrive in person and arrest him. The drone also helped provide visuals on the status of the shooting victim until emergency responders were able to arrive in person and administer aid.
Chula Vista’s High Tech Police Programs
This story is a textbook example of how the Chula Vista PD is using new technology to improve its police work.
Photo credit: Chula Vista Police Department
The department’s rapid, well-informed response was made possible through a combination of two novel programs designed to help police respond to emergencies as quickly as possible—the Live911 program and the Drone as First Responder (DFR) program.
The Live911 program uses software developed specifically at the request of the Chula Vista Police Department to livestream 911 calls as they are made to officers who are out on patrol, providing them with details about emergencies in real time. The program also provides officers with the exact location of the caller on a map—information that was previously only available to dispatch.
In addition to the timeliness livestreaming calls provides, it also helps officers evaluate threat potential.
The details of a call could, on paper, make an officer anticipate the need for aggressive force. But the ability to hear the caller’s voice and temperament can help the officer add nuance to these facts, and prepare for what is actually happening on the scene.
And the difference can save lives.
For example, a woman called 911 saying that her son was at the door threatening her, and claiming to have a hammer and a gun. Since officers were able to listen to the call, they understood that this was an ongoing issue the mother had with her son, where he showed up claiming to have weapons (though never seemed to) and that he was actually not a real danger to the woman.
In the end they were able to contact the son, who had left the scene by the time they arrived, and calmly diffuse the situation.
Drone as First Responder Program
The Drone as First Responder program uses Chula Vista’s BVLOS COA to deploy a drone immediately to the scene of a 911 call so that officers can be monitoring it virtually before those on patrol can arrive in person.
Two key benefits to having eyes on a scene prior to the arrival of officers are that suspects can be located and followed (as in the story above), and that officers can have a sense of what to expect on the scene, so they won’t be ambushed or surprised.
The overall impact of these two programs working together is that officers can respond to the reality of an unfolding emergency quickly and efficiently, as they did when arresting the suspected teenage shooter who opened fire on the good Samaritan.
Chula Vista’s Permissions for the DFR Program
The Chula Vista Police Department has been on the cutting edge of the use of drones in public safety for several years.
It was the first police department in the U.S. to receive a COA to fly Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS), and when the first wave of COVID-19 hit back in March it was the first police department to use drones to help fight its spread.
Much of Chula Vista’s early progress in the use of UAS for law enforcement, and the BVLOS COA specifically, were a result of its involvement in the UAS IPP (UAS Integration Pilot Program) through its partnership with the neighboring city of San Diego.
Although the IPP officially ended a few months back in October, the permissions it helped the Chula Vista PD obtain are still in place.
As time passes, we’re sure to hear more stories about the use of these two programs to improve policing in Chula Vista, and may see adoption spread to other cities throughout the U.S.
Know of other public safety agencies using drones to improve their processes? Share what you know in this thread on the UAV Coach community forum.