The Future of Urban Drone Operations—FAA Completes Phase 2 of UTM Testing + Airspace Link’s Drone Highways Help Expand Drone Operations in Cities
BY Zacc Dukowitz3 December 2020
Today we’re covering two recent stories about technology that’s pushing forward the possibilities for urban drone operations—the FAA’s completion of Phase 2 testing for UTM (Unmanned Traffic Management) and the adoption of Airspace Link’s digital “drone highways” throughout the U.S.
Image credit: NASA
FAA Completes Phase 2 Testing for UTM
As the final step in the FAA’s recent Phase 2 of UTM testing, two demonstrations were recently performed involving over 100 participants.
Those involved included local and state elected officials, private companies, representatives from international civil aviation authorities, drone operators, and local public safety agencies.
The demonstrations will help move us closer to safe beyond-visual-line-of-sight drone operations. Flight testing UTM capabilities in high-density airspace will help us develop policy for safely and efficiently integrating drones into our national airspace while benefiting and serving communities.
– Pamela Whitley, Acting Assistant Administrator for FAA’s NextGen Program
The tests focused on demonstrations of scenarios that featured various complex UTM capabilities, working in coordination to support BVLOS operations with increasing volumes and densities.
Specifically, tests showcased:
- Data and technologies for remote ID standards
- Drone volume reservations to notify drone operators of emergencies
- The capabilities of secure information exchange technology (testing communications between the FAA, private companies, and authorized users)
The two demonstrations were performed at two UAS test sites: the Virginia Tech Mid-Atlantic Aviation Partnership (MAAP) and the New York UAS Test Site (NYUASTS).
Here is a video showcasing clips from the demonstrations:
100 participants is a huge number, and indicates just how complex—and how advanced—the FAA’s UTM testing has become.
And there’s a reason for that.
NASA is an acting partner with the FAA in these tests, and before the FAA began its own UTM testing earlier this year, NASA had already completed four distinct testing phases of its own.
So, in a way, the FAA’s Phase 2 of UTM testing could be seen as Phase 6 (though this is a little simplistic, of course).
This is all to say that, as indicated by the complexity of the demonstrations and the number of stakeholders involved, that UTM technology has come a long way.
Of course, a missing piece of the UTM puzzle is still an established Remote ID rule—but it looks like that new rule, for better or worse, will be released fairly soon.
What Is UTM Exactly?
The phrase Unmanned Traffic Management could indicate a lot of different activities, as you can see just by looking at the list of things the FAA tested in Phase 2 above.
Here’s how the FAA defines the phrase UTM on its UTM Pilot Program Page:
Unmanned Aircraft System Traffic Management (UTM) is a “traffic management” ecosystem for uncontrolled operations that is separate from, but complementary to, the FAA’s Air Traffic Management (ATM) system. UTM development will ultimately identify services, roles and responsibilities, information architecture, data exchange protocols, software functions, infrastructure, and performance requirements for enabling the management of low-altitude uncontrolled drone operations.
Airspace Link’s Drone Highways
Along with the news about the FAA’s recent UTM demonstrations, Airspace Link’s partnership with the city of Ontario, CA presents another recent story showcasing the progress being made for urban drone operations.
Photo credit: Airspace Link
Airspace Link helps state and local governments create drone highways, which are essentially safe flight corridors for drone operations in what might otherwise be a densely populated area.
If you were to set up these drone highways, it’s really about figuring out the safest areas for the kind of drone I’m going to fly and figuring out the probability of hurting someone on the ground in creating these corridors.
– Michael Healander, President and CEO of Airspace Link
This month, Detroit-based Airspace Link announced its partnership with the city of Ontario. The goal of the partnership is to establish the first drone highways in the state of California, using Airspace Link’s AirHub for Government platform.
The AirHub system pulls in a city’s GIS (Geographic Information Systems) data, including information on the locations of places like jails, schools, and hospitals, and combines it with FAA information on restricted and prohibited airspace in order to identify the safest areas for drone operations in the area.
This approach can potentially open up new areas for drone operations.
By working in partnership with the FAA and the Ontario International Airport, Airspace Link was able to identify almost twenty square miles that could potentially be used for drone traffic—an area that hadn’t previously been available for drone operations.
Here are some of the major benefits to the AirHub system for a city like Ontario:
- Drone operators can clearly understand where they can and can’t fly
- New areas are potentially opened up for drone operations (as described above), which might otherwise require airspace authorization or simply be prohibited from use altogether
- The city can issue notifications to drone pilots about temporary situations that impact drone operations, which work just like TFRs (Temporary Flight Restrictions) issued by the FAA
Further, drone pilots can use the data collected by the city and AirHub to support their waiver applications for BVLOS and other operations generally prohibited by the FAA’s Part 107 rules.
This data could potentially have a big impact in securing positive outcome for waiver applications, since it could address one of the FAA’s primary concerns when issuing Part 107 waivers—safety considerations about the proposed operation(s).
And Ontario isn’t the only place that’s adopting Airspace Link’s systems to help support the growth of urban drone operations.
It is working with the entire state of North Dakota in its ambitious plans to create a statewide BVLOS network, and the company is also reportedly working with over 300 customers, including a mix of pilots, state and local governments, and private businesses throughout the U.S.
Excited about these developments? Share your thoughts in this thread on the UAV Coach community forum.