FAA Reauthorization Bill to Reach Senate Floor: Possible Impacts and the Future of Drone Regulations
BY Isabella Lee10 August 2018
The U.S. Senate is scheduled to convene, today, August 10, 2018 at 10:30 AM for a pro forma session. On the calendar of business is an aviation policy bill that will reauthorize the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) until fiscal year 2021. The two general orders include S.1405 and H.R. 4. Speculation about when the bill will be discussed has varied, with prior expectations that it would have reached a vote last month in July. However, it has yet to reach the Senate floor.
The House has proposed amendments to the bill, covering a range of issues, including air traffic management of unmanned aircraft, the role of state and local government in UAS regulation, and increased transparency of information on approved sUAS waivers and airspace authorizations.
Current Standing of the S.1405 FAA Reauthorization Act
Here’s where the S.1405 – Federal Aviation Administration Reauthorization Act of 2017 currently stands:
Last action: 5/9/2018 – Mr. Thune and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation addressed the Senate with an amendment in the nature of a substitute – a bill to amend title 49, United State Code, to authorize appropriations for the FAA, and for other purposes.
Current: Placed on the Senate’s Legislative Calendar under “General Orders.” The calendar, composed of several sections, identifies bills and resolutions awaiting Senate floor actions. Most measures are placed on the calendar under the heading “General Orders” in the sequence in which they were added to the calendar. The FAA Reauthorization Act is currently in position 407.
Potential Impact of S.1405 on the Drone Industry
The Senate bill S.1405 deems that the Government Accountability Office shall review privacy issues and concerns associated with the operation of unmanned aircraft (drones) in the national airspace system. It also induces the FAA to develop and deploy a plan to mitigate airspace safety threats posed by drones. Additionally, it would place responsibility for the operation of public drones in the hands of the Department of Transportation (DOT).
Another policy that would be enacted if the bill is passed is the Drone Operator Safety Act. This act will make it a crime to operate a drone that knowingly or recklessly interferes with or disrupts the operation of an aircraft carrying one or more occupants in U.S. airspace.
In whole, the goals (some of which the FAA has already taken action on) of S.1405 regarding UAS are to:
- Direct the FAA to charter an aviation rulemaking advisory committee to recommend consensus safety standards for UAS, to be accepted by the FAA, to enhance the safety features built into drones and parameters for operators.
- Enhance privacy by declaring as national policy that UAS should be operated in a manner that protects personal privacy, encouraging commercial UAS users to adopt written privacy policies, and increasing transparency and accountability for government and commercial use of UAS.
- Promote safety by requiring UAS users to pass an FAA-approved online aeronautical safety test before flying. This would ensure users understand the NAS and avoid manned aircraft. Operators of UAS weighing less than 0.55 pounds could be exempted from the testing requirement.
- Authorize the establishment of an airspace hazard mitigation program to intercept drones near airports.
- Foster innovation by authorizing expanded case-by-case exemptions for beyond visual-line-of sight, nighttime operations, and operations over people, as well as for research and development and commercial purposes.
- Improve UAS test sites, first authorized in 2012, by establishing long-term authorization, more clearly directing research priorities, improving coordination with the FAA, and enhancing protections for proprietary information to encourage engagement with the private sector.
- Require the DOT to establish a UAS delivery air carrier certificate that would allow for package deliveries by UAS.
- Directs the FAA to establish operating rules specific to “micro” UAS, which weigh 4.4 pounds or less.
- Streamline the approval process for the safe operation of UAS at institutions of higher education.
What Happens Next
There are hopes that the bill will reach the Senate floor during their next session. Albeit, if we look back on how these things have proceeded in the past, the bill could continue to get pushed back for weeks.
However, organizations such as the General Aviation Manufacturers Association (GAMA) and the Aerospace Industries Association (AIA) have joined together to call on U.S. Senate leadership to consider the bill as soon as possible.
In a letter to Senate leadership, GAMA and AIA made a collective statement:
With similar legislation already having passed the U.S. House of Representatives, we believe now is the right time for the U.S. Senate to decisively act to improve the FAA certification and regulatory process.
-Eric K. Fanning, President and CEO, AIA/Peter J. Bunce, President and CEO, GAMA
The House passed their version of the bill, H.R. 4 on April 27, 2018. Now, the Senate will need to pass their version, S.1405 before members from both the House and the Senate can meet to settle the differences between the two. After those differences are settled, the House and Senate bills will be reconciled into a single proposal called a Conference Report. The Conference Report is then sent back to both chambers for a vote, and, if it passes, is then sent to the President who will approve it as law or veto it.
You can view a live stream of the Senate floor proceeding on August 10 here, and return to the page to watch future proceedings. We’d also like to hear what you think about the bill and how you feel it may impact the drone industry. Share your thoughts in this thread on our community forum.