AUVSI Releases Report on Part 107 Waivers, Calls for New Rulemaking to Support Restricted Operations
BY Zacc Dukowitz23 April 2020
The Small Unmanned Aircraft rule (commonly called Part 107) went into effect on August 29, 2016.
The rule created a regulatory framework for commercial drone operations, which required commercial pilots to be Part 107 certified and prohibited various types of drone operations, like flying at night or Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS), without a waiver.
Since then, the FAA has granted a total of 4,144 waivers allowing pilots to conduct various types of operations that the rule otherwise prohibits.
In a new report, AUVSI (Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International) takes a close look at all the Part 107 waivers that have been issued by the FAA. The report contains data on the types of waivers the FAA granted, the types of entities receiving these waivers, and the frequency with which it has granted them.
Key Findings from the Report
Below are some of the key findings from AUVSI’s report.
Waivers Granted by Type
For years we’ve heard that the most common type of waiver the FAA issues is for Daylight Operations (that is, for flying at night). But we had no idea that these kinds of waivers would make up such a vast portion of the waivers granted—92%, to be precise.
Of the 4,144 waivers granted since August of 2016, here are the top five types most commonly issued by the FAA:
- Daylight Operations | 107.29—3,813 (92%)
- Over People | 107.39—125 (3%)
- Operation in Certain Airspace | 107.41 —97 (2%)
- Operating Limitations (b, c, d) | 107.51—81 (2%)
- Multiple UAS | 107.35—55 (1%)
Note: The numbers that appear above indicate the section of the Part 107 rules that prohibit the specific type of operation listed.
BVLOS (107.31) didn’t even make the top five. This is worth noting because BVLOS is one of the primary types of operations that people want to perform throughout the drone industry.
Flying BVLOS is important for drone delivery, and it’s also needed for several other use cases, including inspections of assets like power lines or railroads, land surveying, or tracking vegetation in forestry.
But BVLOS advocates can take heart from the graph that appears on page 4 of the report, which shows that approvals for waivers for everything except night flying have gone up significantly over the last year.
When you lump BVLOS, flying over people, and all the other types of operations prohibited under the Part 107 rules except flying at night, the growth in approvals from the first quarter of 2019 to the first quarter of 2020 is a whopping 390%, up from just 44 to 172.
And that certainly bodes well for those looking to fly BVLOs, over people, or in one of the other manners listed above that otherwise get such a small piece of the overall waiver pie.
Who Gets Waivers?
Here is the breakdown of who is currently getting waivers according to AUVSI’s report:
- Service Organizations—72.67%
- First Responders—19.02%
- Academic Institutes—2.31%
We found it interesting that First Responders were such a big group of Part 107 waiver recipients, since they could also get FAA approval to conduct prohibited operations by securing permission through a COA (Certificate of Authorization). It would be interesting to include COA data in this kind of reporting, in order to get an overall picture of the percentage of special permissions granted to first responders and public safety agencies out of all of the special permissions granted in a given year.
Also worth noting in this data is that Service Organizations is a very broad label, which could refer to just one person working as a dronepreneur, a drone service company with a fleet of sUAS, or a massive company with its own internal drone program.
Page 6 of the report has an interesting breakdown of the annual revenue for those service organizations that have gotten waivers, which shows that the vast majority of them make less than $1 Million a year.
It would be interesting to break that up further and see how many make less than $100K or even less than $50K to get a sense of whether any smaller-time drone service operations are succeeding in their waiver applications.
While we would guess that not many are, given the amount of time and resources needed to successfully navigate the process, we’d love to see that data to find out for sure.
Waiver Turnaround Time
According to the data in AUVSI’s report, the FAA has gotten much quicker at turning around waiver requests.
In the first quarter of 2020 the FAA granted 502 waivers, which is the most waivers it has ever granted.
Compare this to the first quarter of 2019, in which just 237 waivers were granted, and you can see a significant improvement in turnaround time for waiver requests.
This improvement was the result of intentional efforts. Last year the Drone Advisory Committee (DAC) created a “tasking group” charged with reviewing the waiver framework and looking for ways to improve it.
The group was chaired by Bryan Wynne, President and CEO of AUVSI. As a result of its findings the FAA took the following actions to improve the waiver process:
- Expediting the waiver renewal process, particularly when there haven’t been many changes since the original application
- Enabling faster admin changes to existing waivers
- Providing quicker feedback to rejected waiver applications
- Streamlining waiver applications
- Implementing new regulations to take the place of waivers for certain types of operations
- Increasing transparency and accountability
AUVSI Calls on FAA to Move Forward with New Rulemaking
AUVSI’s report doesn’t just contain data on waivers.
It also has a rallying cry for the need to move beyond waivers and implement new regulations to allow for many of the types of operations currently prohibited by the Part 107 rules.
The waivers that have been granted so far demonstrate that operators are safely able to conduct expanded operations, such as flights over people or BVLOS . . . we urge the FAA to move forward rapidly with rulemakings that would widely enable these operations.
– Brian Wynne, President and CEO of AUVSI
The FAA has already issued a draft NPRM on new rules that would make flying at night and flying over people allowed without a special waiver. The draft NPRM was issued in January of 2019, but it’s unclear where those rules currently stand and when or if they will ever be enacted.
Another path toward operations like BVLOS could be to certify the drones instead of the pilot. While the Remote ID debate raged at the beginning of 2020, the FAA issued another NPRM that proposed a framework for certifying drones to do certain types of operations, such as making deliveries.
Under this system, if a drone were certified for a certain type of flying—like flying over people, or BVLOS, for example—then a certified drone pilot could use it for that type of operation without any additional FAA permissions required.
Most likely, the next few years will see the FAA continue to improve the waiver process while it simultaneously creates new rules to allow for certain types of restricted operations.
What did you find most interesting in the Part 107 waiver data from AUVSI’s report? Do you think we need new rules or expedited waiver requests, or both? Share your thoughts in this thread on the UAV Coach community forum.